Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, FAS, signs and symptoms

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome( FAS) define as disorder that can occur to embryo when pregnant woman ingest alcohol during pregnancy. The current recommendation of Both US Surgeon General and the UK department of Health is not to drink alcohol during pregnancy.
Defects that are part of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are irreversible and can include serious physical, mental and behavioral problems, it may vary from individual child.
Out of 750 infants born,1 with FAS,  it’s due the dangerous result but many pregnant woman still engage in drinking alcohol during prenatal.
The record shows that there are 40,000 babies with alcohol-related or Fetal Alcohol Syndrome damage each year was born in US, early diagnosis may reduce the risk of problems associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, including troubles at school, with substance abuse and with other cause related to it.
Alcohol(wine, beer, liquor) are leading known preventable cause of mental and physical birth defects.

Signs and Symptoms:
1. low birth weight
2. small head circumference
3. failure to thrive or growth retardation
4. developmental disabilities
5. organ dysfunction, like vision or hearing problems, problems with the central nervous system
6. Abnormal facial features, including smaller eye openings, flattened cheekbones, and indistinct philtrum (sunken nose bridge, smooth thin upper lips)
7. epilepsy
8. poor coordination/fine motor skills
9. poor socialization skills, such as difficulty building and maintaining friendships and relating to groups
10. lack of imagination or curiosity
11. Mental retardation, like learning difficulties, including trouble remembering and/or learning, poor memory, inability to understand concepts such as time and money, poor language comprehension, poor problem-solving skills
12. behavioral problems, including hyperactivity, inability to concentrate, social withdrawal, stubbornness, impulsiveness, and anxiety

  • Children with Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) display the same symptoms, but to a lesser degree.

FAS carries lifelong consequences. It’s incurable. There are Special school  that specialize in handling  (FAS). Parents or carer need consistency at home in monitoring and giving extra care and understanding with kids with (FAS) may help with behavior problems. This can be prevented,  risking and making your baby’s life miserable can be avoided too by not ingesting alcohol during prenatal or those who might get pregnant.