Sadomasochism definition, traits

Sadism– pleasure in the infliction of pain or humiliation upon another person, masochism is pleasure from receiving the pain. These practices are often related and are collectively known as sadomasochism or S&M or SM. These term may be used clinically, in psychotherapy & describe mental illnesses psychopathology or counter productive coping mechanism, additionally, these term may describe consensual practices. Often sexual, but necessarily so within the BDSM community

Traits Displayed by a Sadist.

  • Inflicting pain, humiliation, bondage, punishment and discipline things that aroused him sexually.
  • Humiliates, belittle or demeans people in front of other people.
  • Displaying omnipotent in treating or disciplining someone under his or her control which display unusually harshly or unkindly, i.e for a child, student, prisoner, or patient or acquaintances.
  • Is amused by or fascinated to, or takes pleasure in, the psychological or physical suffering of others (including animals),violence, weapons, martial arts, injury, or torture.
  • Has lied or fabricate story for the purpose of harming or inflicting pain on others (not merely to achieve some other goal)
  • Intimidate, frighten or terrorize other to accomplish what he want.
  • Has used physical cruelty or violence for the purpose of establishing dominance in a relationship (not merely to achieve some non-interpersonal goal, such as striking someone in order to rob him or her), like beating, spanking, whipping, .severe beatings, torture burning, cutting, stabbing in the breast or buttocks (piquerism), rape (Sadistic rape) murder (Sadistic or Lust Murder), vampirism, necrophilia.
  • This behavior is evidently seen already for at least several years. But display quite inadequate or poor adaptation or show maladaptive patterns.
  • Enduring, manifested, maladaptive patterns of behaviour which are usually recognized before or during adolescence or early adulthood wherein it’s the onset of long-standing traits.
  • Sadistic behavior is not due cause of drugs or abuse of substance, or medical condition like for instance head injury.
  • The behaviour pattern is inflexible across all personal and social situations and significantly impairs their social or occupational functioning.
  • Restricts the autonomy of people with whom he or she has a close relationship, e.g., will not let spouse leave the house unaccompanied or permit teen-age daughter to attend social functions.


There is no clear cause for sadistic personality disorder; there have been a number of psychodynamic theories about the root of sadism over the years. suggest that it is a function of how one is brought up, but biological factors are likely as well. This disorder is fairly uncommon and there is little information about occurrence by gender or about family pattern. Most have been based on a small, select number of case studies. Later authors have challenged these theories. Freud’s views on sadism and masochism suggested a possible explanation was the child’s witnessing the “primal scene”, coming to view his parents having intercourse as an act of ill-treatment or subjugation. In 1920, he suggested that, rather than deriving from the pleasure principle, sadism derived from the “death instinct”. This theory does not explain why some develop sadism while others do not, however, or why the aggression is reflected as sadism in some and as masochism in others. In Behavioural Views, some have suggested that an individual develops a psychic imprinting during some early sexual experience. Raymond (1956) explained the development of a fetish for female stockings, hang on the bathroom while the individual is masturbating. Endocrine Abnormalities these studies suggest possible subtle abnormalities and investigation of brain levels of sex hormones or LH-RH challenge testing may be worth pursuing in further studies of sadists . Although some researchers (Money,1990) have suggested that sexual sadism is a brain disease or abnormalities in Brain, evidence to support this is not conclusive since most paraphiliacs do not show evidence of brain damage or disorder.


If the individual practices mild forms of sexual sadism within a consensual sexual relationship and manifested any of these traits must seek proper medical treatment before it may lead to a very dangerous activity. Treating a personality disorder takes a long time. Giving them different treatment modalities for personality traits like behavioral patterns may take many years to develop and change usually occur in a predictable sequence. Reducing environmental stress  such as anxiety or depression. Behaviors, such as recklessness, social isolation, lack of assertiveness, or temper outbursts, can be changed in months. Group therapy and behavior modification, held in day care or residential settings are effective treatment. Participation in self-help groups or family therapy can also help change socially undesirable behaviors. And Counseling and Psychotherapy treatment.