Cleft Lips and palate
Cleft lips (cheiloschisis) and cleft palate (palatoschisis) is a congenital defects occurs when there is an abnormal facial development during gestation. It come about when the tissue of baby’s developing mouth and palate didn’t fuse together during the 6th and 10th week of pregnancy. This condition is called cleft lips or palate or both.
A cleft is a fissure or opening—a gap. It’s an abnormal facial development wherein the bones and tissues of a baby’s upper jaw, nose, and mouth normally come together (fuse) to form the roof of the mouth and the upper lip, it is the non-fusion of the body’s natural structures forming before birth. A cleft lip can be either unilateral or bilateral.
Cleft lips and palate identified to be a syndromic case more than genetic factor for some cleft lips and palate doesn’t exhibit this deformity in their family but then in some case there are higher tendency that the problem genes from either or both of parents will be passed down to their child. Other causes are drugs, viruses or other toxics can generate this birth defects.
The chance of having this birth defect is 1 out of 2,500 people. These days the obstetrician can diagnose facial clefts in utero and cleft lips and palate is treatable depends upon the severity of the case. Surgery was performed to repair cleft lips and palate after birth Moreover after several treatment and surgeries were conducted a patient can already achieve a normal appearance, speech and facial function but other people demonstrates or continue with their impairment such as speech difficulties, lips deformities, nasal deformities, hearing loss, displaced teeth and many more.